This topic provides information about tympanosclerosis.
What is tympanosclerosis?
Tympanosclerosis is a scarring or accumulation of calcium deposits on the tympanic membrance (eardrum) or in the middle ear.
What causes tympanosclerosis?
It is thought to be caused by recurrent middle ear infections (otitis media).
You have a greater chance of getting tympanosclerosis if you have had frequent middle ear infections which resulted in pressure equalization tube (PE tube) placement or tympanic membrane perforation.
What are the symptoms?
There are very few symptoms of tympanosclerosis. A conductive hearing loss can occur in more severe cases in which the calcification has affected the bones of the middle ear (ossicles).
How is tympanosclerosis diagnosed?
Tympanosclerosis is diagnosed by a physician looking in the ear with an instrument called an otoscope. He will see an appearance of white plaque on the eardrum.
Audiometry and tympanometry may also be performed by an Audiologist to determine the degree of hearing loss caused by the tympanosclerosis.
How is it treated?
In cases where tympanosclerosis has significantly affected hearing, reconstructive surgery of the eardrum (tympanoplasty) or ossiclular reconstruction can be performed.
Traditional or implantable hearing aids may be used to manage the conductive hearing loss caused by tympanosclerosis when surgery is not recommended or unsuccessful.
Does tympanosclerosis cause lasting problems?
Hearing loss can be a lasting side effect of tympanosclerosis.