Tinnitus is experiencing ringing, buzzing, hissing, clocking or swishing sound in the ear or head.
Although the exact mechanism of tinnitus is unknown, hearing noises in the ears is thought to be attributed to inner ear problems.
One of the oft-related cause of tinnitus is Meniere's disease. With Meniere's Disease, severe dizziness sometimes accompanies tinnitus, resulting in a debilitating balance disorder as well. The sounds and imbalance can be so intrusive and cause discomfort that they can affect the person's daily lives and in severe cases cause anxiety or depression.
Meniere's disease is a condition of an increased pressure built-up of endolymph fluid in the inner ear. The excessive pressure affects the hearing and balancing abilities, inducing hearing loss, tinnitus and balance disorder in the patient.
As per some studies, there is an inter-relatability between vertigo and tinnitus, and together they are one of the most common examples of nervous system dysfunction among young and older adults.
Tinnitus and balance disorder are inter-related
The inner ear is an intricate part of the human body that is crucial in maintaining the equilibrium of the body by being motion sensitive. The nerve endings in the vestibular region transfer the nerve impulses to the brain helping it to assess the body's position and balance the body accordingly.
The vestibular and cochlear nerves run through the inner ear to the brain to transmit the sound and motion signals. Meniere's disease, labyrinthitis, middle ear infection or any other disorientation affecting this system, lead to vertigo and tinnitus.
- Tinnitus is often an intruding sound in the ear. A prolonged period of tinnitus leads to loss of focus, anxiety, annoyance, and depression.
- Vertigo or dizziness is a mistaken sense of body movement, spinning of the world around or the feeling of revolving movement of self.
In both the cases, the reason is impaired nervous system that is inefficiently sending out the nerve impulses that confuses the brain and disrupts the equilibrium of the body and the hearing ability.
Tinnitus and vertigo are manageable
The good news is tinnitus and vertigo are manageable, and in some cases treatable. Vertigo is a result of a malfunction of the balance system in the inner ear. And tinnitus is the consequence of a disturbed auditory system of the inner ear.
Diet modification. Some of the foods and drinks trigger tinnitus and dizziness. The doctors may recommend restricting the quantity or discontinuing some of them after understanding the pattern of dizzy attack and severity of tinnitus in the patients.
Lifestyle changes. Active lifestyle with lesser stress levels and avoidance of exposure to loud sounds help in reducing the discomfort of tinnitus.
Medications. Anti-vertigo medications help in controlling the vertigo bouts. Vasodilation pills help reduce the pressure in the ear, lessening tinnitus discomfort. In case of psychological effects, doctors prescribe antidepressants.
Physical exercises. Balance exercises help regain the equilibrium. These practices yield impressive results when experts monitor and keep track of the activities.
Devices. To reduce the uneasiness of tinnitus one can use sound therapy tools that mask the irritating sounds in the ear.
There is advanced diagnostic equipment to diagnose and treat the causes of vertigo and tinnitus. Ample studies are going-on on vestibular induced medical conditions and their treatment. You can reach out to vertigo specialists at NeuroEquilibrium Advanced Vertigo and Balance Disorder Clinics.